When is ghusl compulsory for a woman ? — Large bathing is one of the obligations that apply to both Muslims.
There are some conditions that require a large bath for women. The obligation of the big bath is, among other things, based on evidence from the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا
“And if you are junub then take a bath.” (Surat al-Maidah: 6)
وَلَا جُنُبًا إِلَّا عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىٰ تَغْتَسِلُوا (QS An-Nisa: 43).
While the hadith that obligates junub bath as narrated by Imam Muslim:
إذا التقى الختانان وجب الغسل ، أنزل أو لَم ينزل
“When two genitals are in contact, both for bathing, whether sperm come out or not. “
Sheikh Kamil Muhammad Uwaidah in his book” Fiqh Wanita “explains that bathing here is to wet the whole body with water. Setting the intention in this bath is something that is obligatory for both men and women.
According to him there are four things that require women to bathe. First, semen comes out due to orgasm, both in sleep and not. Second when a wife is flirted other than on the genitals. The third is Islamizing pagan women, the fourth is death.
When is ghusl compulsory for a woman ?
First of all, Sheikh Kamil Muhammad Uwaidah explained, Muslim women should know, that the release of semen accompanied by a feeling of pleasure obligates to take a bath, whether in a state of sleep or not. This is the opinion of the jurists in general and there is no debate of opinion on the issue.
نْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ رضي الله عنها ، قَالَتْ: جَاءَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ رضي الله عنها إِلَى النَّبِي ّلى الِنَّ الله لاَ يَسْتَحْيِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ فَهَلْ على المرأة مِنْ غُسْلٍ إِذَا احْتَلَمَتْ؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللّهِ صلىالله عليه وسلم: “نَعَمْ ، إِذَا رَأَتِ الْمَاءَ”
This is as narrated in a hadith that Umm Sulaim once asked. O Messenger of Allah, indeed Allah is not ashamed of the truth, so I am not ashamed to ask whether a woman is obliged to take a bath when dreaming? Rasulullah replied “Yes, when he sees semen after he wakes up.”
The second thing is when a wife is flirted other than on , then the husband’s semen comes out about his wife’s genitals, then the wife also feels the same, then the wife is also obliged to take a bath.While if a husband flirts with his wife, then his semen comes out about his wife’s genitals, then the wife takes a bath and after that he the new wife gets something that resembles semen out of her genitals, so in this case there are two opinions:
First there is no obligation for her to bathe again.This is the opinion of Qatadah, and Ishaq.Secondly, she is obliged to bathe, because water resembles the semen has come out of his genitals, where this is the opinion of Al Hasan.
About this last problem Sheikh Kamil Muhammad Uwaidah thinks that what is more accurate is the first opinion. Also if a husband has inserted his penis into his wife’s genitals, although he does not ejaculate then it is obligatory to bathe.
The third thing is if you convert an infidel woman to Islam, then she is obliged to bathe. It is based on the hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah RA.
بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم خيلا قبل نجد, فجاءت برجل من بني حنيفة يقال له ثمامة بن أثال, فربطوه بسارية من سواري المسجد, فخرج إليه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم, فَقَالَ: ما عِنْدَكَ يا ثُمَامَةُ؟ فقال: عندي خير يا محمد, إن تقتلني تقتل ذا دم, وإن تنعم تنعم على شاكر, وإن كنت تريد المال فسل منه ما شئت, فترك حتى كان الغد, ثم قال له: ما عندك يا ثمامة? قَالَ: ما قُلتُ لَكَ: إنْ تُنْعِمْ تُنْعِمْ علَى شَاكِرٍ ، فَتَرَكَهُ حتَى كانَ بَعْدَ الغَدِ ، فَقَالَ فقال: عندي ما قلت لك, فقال: أطلقوا ثمامة فانطلق إلى نجل قريب من المسجد, فاغتسل ثم دخل المسجد, فقال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله, وأشهد أن محمدا رسول الله, يا محمد, والله ما كان على الأرض وجه أبغض إلي من وجهك, فقد أصبح وجهك أحب الوجوه إلي, والله ما كان من دين أبغض إلي من دينك, فأصبح دينك أحب الدين إلي, والله ما كان من بلد أبغض إلي من بلدك, فأصبح بلدك أحب البلاد إلي, وإن خيلك أخذتني وأنا أريد العمرة, فماذا ترى ؟ فبشره رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وأمره أن يعتمر, فلما قدم مكة قال له قائل: صبوت, قال: لا, ولكن أسلمت مع محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم, ولا والله, لا يأتيكم من اليمامة حبة حنطة, حتى يأذن فيها النبي صلى اللهُ عليه وسلَّمَ.
“That Tsumama al-Hanafi was once captured by the Muslims, then the Prophet came to him in the morning, asking what you Tsumamah? He replied: if you want to kill me it means you kill people who bleed and if you free me , meaning you have freed the grateful person, while if you want wealth, we will give as much as you want. it was after the incident that he converted to Islam.Then the Prophet freed and brought him k e Abu Thalhah’s garden while ordering him to take a bath. So he took a bath and prayed two rak’ahs. Furthermore, the Prophet said: “Islam is good for your brothers”. (HR Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairah).
The fourth thing is death. According to ijma ulama, a Muslim woman who dies is obliged to be bathed to the point This is in accordance with the order of the Prophet to bathe his daughter, Zainab at the time of her death.
When is ghusl compulsory for a woman ?
Reference : https://republika.co.id/berita/qhpe4x320/4-perkara-yang-mewajibkan-mandi-besar-untuk-perempuan